Recently I plan to transplant one of my old post from other site to this new site (you can find the new post here). The old post contains quite a lot of equations in LaTeX format. With so much equations in one post, I find it really hard to refer to some equations without using proper numbering. So I decide to figure out how to use LaTeX equation numbering properly in my post.

# Enable MathJax and equation numbering

Update 2018-05-16: This feature has been incorporated into NexT and released in version 6.3.0. You can skip this section safely now.

If you use NexT theme, see here on how to enable MathJax. By default, equation numbering is disable by Mathjax, you can enable equation numbering in two ways.

## First way

According to MathJax official documentation, just paste the following script into the front of your Markdown file,

```
<script type="text/x-mathjax-config">
.Hub.Config({
MathJaxTeX: { equationNumbers: { autoNumber: "AMS" } }
;
})</script>
```

## Second way

Find the file `mathjax.swig`

under theme NexT root (it is
in the folder `layout\_third-party`

). Change the following
snippet

```
<script type="text/x-mathjax-config">
.Hub.Config({
MathJaxtex2jax: {
inlineMath: [ ['$','$'], ["\\(","\\)"] ],
processEscapes: true,
skipTags: ['script', 'noscript', 'style', 'textarea', 'pre', 'code']
};
})</script>
```

to

```
<script type="text/x-mathjax-config">
.Hub.Config({
MathJaxtex2jax: {
inlineMath: [ ['$','$'], ["\\(","\\)"] ],
processEscapes: true,
skipTags: ['script', 'noscript', 'style', 'textarea', 'pre', 'code']
,
}TeX: {equationNumbers: { autoNumber: "AMS" }}
;
})</script>
```

Thanks to post here.

# Make the automatic equation numbering work

In general, to make the automatic equation numbering work, you have
to wrap your LaTeX equations in `equation`

environment. Using
the plain old style (i.e., wrap an equation with two dollar signs in
each side) will not work. How to refer to an equation? Just give a
`\label{}`

tag and then in your later text, use
`\ref{}`

or `\eqref{}`

to refer it. Using
`\eqref{}`

is preferred since if you use `\ref{}`

,
there are no parentheses around the equation number. There are some
variations I would like to elaborate.

## Simple equation

For simple equations like the following,

\[\begin{equation} E=mc^2 \end{equation}\label{eq1}\]

It is easy to write and cite. Just use `$\eqref{eq1}$`

to
refer to equation \(\eqref{eq1}\). The
code to produce the equation \(\eqref{eq1}\) is

```
$$\begin{equation}
E=mc^2
\end{equation}\label{eq1}$$
```

## Multi-line equation

For multi-line equations, inside the `equation`

environment, you can use the `aligned`

environment to split
it into multiple lines. For example,

\[\begin{equation} \begin{aligned} a &= b + c \\ &= d + e + f + g \\ &= h + i \end{aligned} \end{equation}\label{eq2}\]

Equation \(\eqref{eq2}\) is a multi-line equation. The code to produce equation \(\eqref{eq2}\) is

```
$$\begin{equation}
\begin{aligned}
a &= b + c \\
&= d + e + f + g \\
&= h + i
\end{aligned}
\end{equation}\label{eq2}$$
```

## Multiple aligned equations

We can use `align`

environment to align multiple
equations. Each of these equations will get its own numbers.

\[\begin{align} a &= b + c \label{eq3} \\ x &= yz \label{eq4}\\ l &= m - n \label{eq5} \end{align}\]

There are three aligned equations above: equation \(\eqref{eq3}\), equation \(\eqref{eq4}\) and equation \(\eqref{eq5}\).

Use the following code to reproduce,

```
$$\begin{align}
a &= b + c \label{eq3} \\
x &= yz \label{eq4}\\
l &= m - n \label{eq5}
\end{align}$$
```

Since `align`

in and of itself is a complete equation
environment^{1}. You do not need to wrap it with
`equation`

environment.

### What if you do not want to number some equations

In the `align`

environment, if you do not want to number
one or some equations, just use
`\nonumber`

right behind these equations. Like the
following.

\[\begin{align} -4 + 5x &= 2+y \nonumber \\ w+2 &= -1+w \\ ab &= cb \end{align}\]

The code to reproduce is

```
$$\begin{align}
-4 + 5x &= 2+y \nonumber \\
w+2 &= -1+w \\
ab &= cb
\end{align}$$
```

# Use `\tag`

to tag
equations

Sometimes, you want to use more “exotic” style to refer your
equation. You can use `\tag{}`

to achieve this. For
example

\[x+1\over\sqrt{1-x^2} \tag{i}\label{eq_tag}\]

Equation \(\eqref{eq_tag}\) use
`\tag{}`

instead of automatic numbering. The code to produce
it is

`$$x+1\over\sqrt{1-x^2} \tag{i}\label{eq_tag}$$`

# References

- http://docs.mathjax.org/en/latest/tex.html
- https://github.com/mathjax/MathJax/blob/master/test/sample-eqrefs.html
- https://minenet.me/2016/04/05/how-to-use-mathjax.html#mjx-eqn-1
- http://kchen.cc/2016/12/06/latex-in-markdown/