Tmux is a great terminal multiplexer. The Tmux installed by yum is too old1 on my CentOS servers. So I decided to install the latest version of Tmux which supports true colors. Since I do not have root priviledge on the system, I have to build Tmux from source and install it to my custom directory. If that is also what you want to do, then go on reading.
wget https://github.com/libevent/libevent/releases/download/release-2.1.8-stable/libevent-2.1.8-stable.tar.gz tar zxvf libevent-2.1.8-stable.tar.gz cd libevent-2.1.8-stable mkdir -p $HOME/local # install libevent under $HOME/local ./configure --prefix="$HOME/local" make -j && make install
Libevent will be install to
wget http://ftp.gnu.org/pub/gnu/ncurses/ncurses-6.1.tar.gz tar zxvf ncurses-6.1.tar.gz cd ncurses-6.1/ ./configure --prefix="$HOME/local" make -j&& make install
The above command will install ncurses under
Finally, we build Tmux. Just download the Tmux release tarball and build it:
wget https://github.com/tmux/tmux/releases/download/2.8/tmux-2.8-rc.tar.gz tar zxvf tmux-2.8-rc.tar.gz cd tmux-2.8-rc # the CPPFLAGS and LDFLAGS are important, make sure you have written them correctly, or the build will fail ./configure --prefix=$HOME/local \ CPPFLAGS="-I$HOME/local/include -I$HOME/local/include/ncurses" \ LDFLAGS="-L$HOME/local/lib" make -j && make install
After running the above commands, Tmux will be installed to
tmux executable file is under
$HOME/local/bin. Finally, we need to add Tmux
executable to PATH variables.
Now, you can use the latest Tmux and configure it as you wish. You may also be interested in this post on how to configure Tmux to support true colors.
- Build libevent: https://github.com/tmux/tmux/issues/1084
- Tmux readme: https://github.com/tmux/tmux
- Build Tmux from source: https://gist.github.com/ryin/3106801
- The version of Tmux installed by yum is 1.8. ⏎
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