This is a post about how to configure Cygwin on Windows 10.
How to install new packages?
There is no official way to install a new package. Just run the Cygwin setup tool one more time and select the package you want to install. It will not rewrite the package you have installed, only the new package will be insatlled.
If the package download speed is slow, you can choose a local mirror for Cygwin. In China, TUNA is good.
When I use ssh to connect to my server, I got an error message “Pseudo-terminal will not be allocated because stdin is not a terminal”
On Windows 10, there is a builtin ssh program under
C:/Windows/System32/OpenSSH/ssh.exe. You are probably using this program. If that is the case, you have to install
openssh yourself. Just run the Cygwin setup program one more time to install the additional package. Then this issue should disappear.
How do I set up the mintty terminal emulator type, i.e.,
Right-click Cygwin window title and choose
Options..., go to
Terminal, and choose Type to be
xterm-256color. That is all.
How to use an external color theme for mintty?
By default, mintty provides a few color themes. The color theme for mintty are just a list of settings for different colors. There are serveral places where you can find mintty themes. A non-exhaustive list is:
- A python tool with several builtin color themes, https://github.com/joakimkarlsson/mintty-colors
Save the color theme file under
$CYGWIN_ROOT/usr/share/mintty/themes. Open mintty options (right click on Cygwin title bar), go to
Looks pane and choose from the
Theme pull-down menu a color theme you want to use.
Alternatively, create a
.minttyrc file under your HOME. Paste the content of color theme in this file and save it. The next time you open Cygwin, mintty will automatically use the configurations in
How do I configure mintty to use the settings from a config file and what are the available options?
As I have said, create a
.minttyrc under your HOME, and put mintty settings in this file. To see all the options aviable, visit this page.
How to update mintty?
It is the same as you install or update other packages. Run
setup_x86_64.exe and install the latest version of Mintty.
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