Convert PPTX Document to JPEG Images on Ubuntu
- 2020-12-24: Add how to convert pptx to pdf using unoconv.
In this post, I will share how to convert PPTX file to images. There are two steps. The first step is to convert PPTX to PDF, and the second step is to convert PDF to JPEG.
First, we need to install libreoffice:
apt update && apt install libreoffice
To install the latest version of libreoffice, run the following command instead:
# in order to use add-apt-repository command apt install software-properties-common apt-add-repository -y ppa:libreoffice/ppa apt update && apt install libreoffice
Step one: from PPTX to PDF
To convert PPTX to image, we need to first convert it to PDF
Use libreoffice directly
We can use
soffice provided by libreoffice to convert pptx to pdf directly:
soffice --headless --convert-to pdf test.pptx
This will create a file named
Apart from soffice, we can also use unoconv. Install the related packages first:
apt update && apt install python3-uno unoconv
Then use unoconv to convert pptx to pdf:
unoconv -f pdf demo.pptx
I met the following error when I run unoconv:
unoconv: Cannot find a suitable pyuno library and python binary combination in /usr/lib64/libreoffice ERROR: Please locate this library and send your feedback to: [http://github.com/dagwieers/unoconv/issues](https://github.com/dagwieers/unoconv/issues) No module named uno unoconv: Cannot find a suitable office installation on your system. ERROR: Please locate your office installation and send your feedback to: [http://github.com/dagwieers/unoconv/issues](https://github.com/dagwieers/unoconv/issues)
For me the error is because unoconv is using the wrong python. In fact, unoconv is just a python script with a shebang:
Since I also installed python3 via Anaconda and add it to the system path, the above shebang will actually use python3 from Anaconda, which is wrong.
uno.py package is located in
and we need to use the system python3.
So we need to change the shebang of unoconv to:
According to comment here, we can also sed to do this:
sed -i 's|#!/usr/bin/env python3|#!/usr/bin/python3|' /usr/bin/unoconv
Step two: from PDF to image
In order to turn PDF to images, we can use imagemagick or poppler.
We need to install imagemagick:
apt install imagemagick
Then we can convert PDF file to image using
convert -density 150 test.pdf -quality 80 output-%3d.jpg
-desnity option will control the dpi of generated image.
During conversion, two errors occur after running the convert command:
convert-im6.q16: not authorized `multiple_img.pdf' @ error/constitute.c/ReadImage/412. convert-im6.q16: no images defined `output-%3d.jpg' @ error/convert.c/ConvertImageCommand/3258.
For the first error, you can edit
/etc/ImageMagick-6/policy.xml and change the following line:
<policy domain="coder" rights="none" pattern="PDF" />
<policy domain="coder" rights="read|write" pattern="PDF" />
For the second error, this is because ghostscript has not been installed on the system. Try to install it:
apt install ghostscript
After that, you should be fine to generate from PPTX to jpg/png images.
We need to install poppler-utils:
apt-get update && apt-get install -y poppler-utils
For further steps, refer to this post.
- How to convert pptx files to jpg or png (for each slide) on linux?
- How can I convert a ppt to a pdf from the command line?
- convert:not authorized
- Can’t convert PDF into image, because of ’no images defined’ error
- ImageMagick:convert-im6.q16: no images defined
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