My notes on setting up history-related features for zsh.
Some env variable controlling the behaviour of history feature:
# the detailed meaning of the below three variable can be found in `man zshparam`. export HISTFILE=~/.histfile export HISTSIZE=1000000 # the number of items for the internal history list export SAVEHIST=1000000 # maximum number of items for the history file # The meaning of these options can be found in man page of `zshoptions`. setopt HIST_IGNORE_ALL_DUPS # do not put duplicated command into history list setopt HIST_SAVE_NO_DUPS # do not save duplicated command setopt HIST_REDUCE_BLANKS # remove unnecessary blanks setopt INC_APPEND_HISTORY_TIME # append command to history file immediately after execution setopt EXTENDED_HISTORY # record command start time
In the above config, option
EXTENDED_HISTORY makes sure that zsh record the
time that a certain command is executed. By default, command typed in a shell
session are saved in the internal command history list. When the shell exits,
commands in the internal history list will be written to
INC_APPEND_HISTORY_TIME changes this behavior: right after you have executed
some command, it will be written to the history file, along with the time spent
to execute it. Refer to
man zshoptions for more details.
- https://www.soberkoder.com/better-zsh-history/ (note that
HISTTIMEFORMATmentioned is not supported by zsh, it is Bash specific)
history command shows only 16 items?
In zsh, if I use
history command, only 16 items are shown, which is far less
than the actual command history stored in
HISTFILE. Why? According to the doc
man zshbuiltins), history command is just an alias to
fc -l. The doc for
fc command says:
fc -l [ -LI ] [ -nrdfEiD ] [ -t timefmt ] [ -m match ] [ old=new … ] [ first [ last ] ]
If first is not specified, it will be set to -1 (the most recent event), or to -16 if the -l flag is given. If last is not specified, it will be set to first, or to -1 if the -l flag is given.
So when we use command
history, what we actually use is
fc -l -16 -1, so
the most recent 16 items in history are shown.
We can create an alias to change this:
# show all the history stored. alias history="fc -l 1`
- zsh history is too short
- ZSH only displaying last 16 or so commands with history. HISTSIZE & SAVEHIST are 500
- ZSH - output whole history?
Search history command more effectively?
As programmers, we sometimes use a command with long options and parameters.
Later on, when we want to run that command again or modify it a bit, it would
be time-consuming to type it all over. I know that we can use
search the command history. However, its features are limited.
I find fzf works better for this task, which supports fuzzy-search your command history. To install fzf, run the following command:
git clone --depth 1 https://github.com/junegunn/fzf.git ~/.fzf # say yes to its install prompts ~/.fzf/install
Restart the shell, you should get a far better experience searching your
history commands (the shortcut is still
Ctrl-R). To navigate the search
Replace part of last command and re-execute
In Bash, we can use
fc -s old=new to replace string
old in the last command
new and execute it again. Bash built-in
fc is different from zsh
fc in zsh, there is no
-s option. The zsh equivalent is
fc -e -.
options can be found in
Zsh also provides
r command which is same as
fc -e -. You do not need to
define an alias for that any more.
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